Jeffrey Johnson, Editor in Chief
Melissa Schwaller, Associate Editor
Kenneth Liu, Associate Editor
Natalie Alfaro, Associate Editor
Karthika Perumal, Verdicts and Injunctions Editor
Prof. Paul M. Janicke, Faculty Coordinator
[last updated March 26, 2014]
Fourth Quarter 2013 Stats Posted
Our report on rulings in the fourth quarter of 2013 is now posted.
Our tracking of jury verdits in patent cases is updated to December 31, 2013.
Injunction Rulings Updated
Rulings on post-eBay requests for permanent injunctions are updated to December 31, 2013
Patent Cases Filed in 2013
6,427 patent cases were filed in calendar year 2013. [Source: Lexis CourtLink.] By comparison, 5,778 patent cases were filed in calendar 2012. This tends to verify that not all of the rise in 2012 filings was due to the AIA's joinder constraints. Patent litigation is on the increase. For 2013 Eastern Texas was highest, with 1513 filings in 2013 (versus 1266 cases in 2012), now 23.5% of the national total. Second was Delaware, with 1336 filings (up from 997 in 2012), now 20.8% of the national total. Central California was again a distant third, dropping from 517 cases in 2012 to 486 in 2013.
We have to wonder why 44.3% of all U.S. patent cases are filed in just two districts, spaced far apart from each other.
Regular patstats service:
The University of Houston Law Center's Institute for Intellectual Property
and Information Law is pleased to provide quarterly research information on
recent patent law decisions in United States courts. Our reports began with
the first quarter of 2000. We portray data on all reported patent decisions,
including those affirmances decided by the Federal Circuit under Rule 36 with
no published opinion. We track the cases on an issue-specific basis, e.g.,
public use bar under 35 U.S.C. § 102(b) [issue 03], or infringement under
the doctrine of equivalents [issue 24], or inequitable conduct [issue 17].
We hope to provide scholars, commentators, and practitioners with valuable
data on trends in the enforcement side of patent law, to complement published
data from other sources regarding the filing of patent applications and the
issuance of patents. Beginning with the first quarter of 2005, we have posted
a caselist identifying the cases from which our statistics are drawn. Each
case on the list has an index number. Next to each entry in patstats there
is a bracketed string of numerals identifying the cases that make up the entry.
For example, if there were 7 patentee victories on the public use issue, the
entry might read: P: 7 [33, 38, 66(3), 74(2)]. This signifies that case numbers
33, 38, 66, and 74 were the cases in which these seven patentee victories
on public use occurred. Recall that patstats counts successes patent-by-patent.
Case 66 involved public use holdings on three different patents and case 74
involved public use holdings on two patents.
We report only on the current highest level decision in a given case, and we discard earlier rulings. For example, if a district court held a patent valid, but the court of appeals later held it invalid, we will include the appellate ruling in our current data and delete the district court ruling if it was included in any prior reported data. We will likewise go back and delete a statistic when a court of appeals opinion is withdrawn in order to rehear the case en banc. A new statistic will appear when the en banc decision comes down. Thus, we are always reporting the highest level of decision thus far reached in a given case, and past reports are subject to later adjustment.
We do not attempt to gather data on unreported district court cases, but we do include non-precedential decisions and Rule 36 summary affirmances by the Federal Circuit. For the Rule 36 cases we determine the affirmed points by inspecting the appellate briefs. We include reported cases decided by the International Trade Commission and the Court of Federal Claims. However, we do not report on decisions of the PTO's Board of Patent Appeals & Interferences or on court appeals therefrom.
We report each issue that has been decided. Where multiple patents are litigated and decided, we report each as a separate item. We do likewise where different claims of a patent are adjudicated in different ways, e.g., claim 1 invalid for on-sale bar, and claim 19 invalid for obviousness. Hence a single reported case could well generate four or five issue determination, sometimes. It is therefore not valid to conclude from these data that patentees won or lost a certain number of "cases," or that the accused infringers did so.
|* Mr. Johnson is Research Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Houston Law Center and a partner at the Houston office of DLA Piper. Ms. Schwaller is Counsel at the Houston law firm Ramey & Browning. Ms. Alfaro is an attorney at the Houston office of Baker Botts. Mr. Liu is a partner in the Houston law firm Eubanks & Liu. Ms. Perumal is an attorney with Bracewell & Giuliani's Houston office. Professor Janicke is the HIPLA Professor of Law at the University of Houston Law Center. For comments or inquiries, please address firstname.lastname@example.org.|
TABLE OF ISSUES REPORTED
Validity rulings --
102(a) -- prior public knowledge or publication
102(b) -- time-bar publication or patent
102(b) -- public use
102(b) -- on sale
102(c) -- abandonment
102(d) -- prior foreign patenting
102(e) -- earlier-filed US patent of another
102(f) -- derived subject matter; wrong inventorship
102(g) -- prior invention by another
103 -- obviousness
112, inadequate disclosure -- description
112, inadequate disclosure -- enablement
112, inadequate disclosure -- best mode
112, claim indefinite
Enforceability rulings --
Procedural rulings --
Failure to mark
Infringement issues --
Literal direct infringement
Doctrine of equivalents direct infringement
Selling or importing product of patented process
Shipping abroad (§ 271(f) or (g))
Exemption under § 271(e)
Exemption for other experimentation
Damages calculations --
Special Factors rulings --
Enhanced damages due to willfulness
Attorney fees to patentee
Attorney fees to accused infringer
Please refer any questions to the IPIL Program Coordinator at the following e-mail address: email@example.com